SALT & HEALTH: IODINE
CIS and Salins demonstrate their interest for consumers’ health by boasting thirty years’ experience in the production of iodised salt, longer than their European competitors.
Iodine is a mineral salt that was discovered in 1811, found in nature, but in very small quantities. All types of marine animals and plants absorb iodine from the sea, and are thus excellent sources of this mineral. The following foods are naturally rich in iodine: deep-water fish, kelp, garlic, beans, sesame seeds, soya beans, spinach, Swiss chard, white courgettes and turnip greens. To a lesser extent, iodine is also found in eggs, cheese and dairy products, cereals and meat.
The amount of iodine we get from food alone is not sufficient to guarantee an appropriate daily intake. Iodine carries out important preventive action to protect against a number of illnesses, most of them connected to the thyroid.
The human body stores iodine in the thyroid, where it contributes to the formulation of two hormones, triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which regulate a number of metabolic functions, including the development of the central nervous system and bodily growth. Iodine is absorbed by the thyroid, and combines chemically with the amino acid thyroxine in order to synthesise the thyroid hormone.
Iodine deficiency, considered by the WHO as one of the world’s most serious public health issues, leads to a variety of diseases and conditions, the gravity of which varies depending on age and gender, such as underproduction or overproduction of the thyroid hormone by the thyroid gland.
- Children: A thyroid hormone deficiency before and immediately after birth can have a number of different effects, the most serious of which brings the development of the encephalon to an irreversible halt, with dire consequences for the child’s intellectual development, resulting in mental retardation, deaf and dumbness and spastic paralysis. It is estimated that 0.3% of children are born with some sort of thyroid disorder.
- Young people: In Italy – in particular in the south and on the islands - some 6 million people suffer from goitre (an enlargement of the thyroid gland). This condition affects 20% of the youth population alone.
-Women: During adulthood, women are particularly subject to thyroid conditions, with a 20% chance of developing some kind of disorder.
The recommended daily intake is 150 microgrammes per day, taken through 5 grammes of salt. It presents no contraindications, because excess iodine can be excreted in the urine. Compagnia Italiana Sali was quick to cooperate with the Ministry of Health on promoting the consumption of iodised salt, by adding to the packs of iodised salt the logo established by law, at least 2 cm wide and 1.8 cm, as well as by supplying data for the purpose of monitoring iodised salt sales.
The quality of CIS products and its unique iodising processes are guaranteed by cutting-edge production systems and modern plants, as well as by the packaging: the airtight polyethylene bag is the only type of packaging able to preserve the iodised salt.